文法書のバイブル！ English Grammar in Useシリーズの種類と選び方
To the student
To the teacher
Present and past
1 Present continuous (I am doing)
2 Present simple (I do)
3 Present continuous and present simple 1 (I am doing and I do)
4 Present continuous and present simple 2 (I am doing and I do)
5 Past simple (I did)
6 Past continuous (I was doing)
Present perfect and past
7 Present perfect 1 (I have done)
8 Present perfect 2 (I have done)
9 Present perfect continuous (I have been doing)
10 Present perfect continuous and simple (I have been doing and I have done)
11 how long have you (been) … ?
12 for and since when …? and how long …?
13 Present perfect and past 1 (I have done and I did)
14 Present perfect and past 2 (I have done and I did)
15 Past perfect (I had done)
16 Past perfect continuous (I had been doing)
17 have and have got 18 used to (do)
19 Present tenses (I am doing / I do) for the future
20 I’m going to (do)
21 will and shall 1
22 will and shall 2
23 I will and I’m going to
24 will be doing and will have done
25 when I do and when I’ve done if and when
26 can, could and (be) able to
27 could (do) and could have done)
28 must and can’t
29 may and might 1
30 may and might 2
31 have to and must
32 must mustn’t needn’t
33 should 1
34 should 2
35 I’d better … it’s time …
37 can/could/would you …? etc. (Requests, offers, permission and invitations)
IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH UNITS YOU NEED TO STUDY. USE THE STUDY GUIDE ON PAGE 326.
if and wish
38 if I do… and if I did…
39 if I knew … I wish I knew …
40 if I had known … I wish I had known …
42 Passive 1 (is done / was done)
43 Passive 2 (be done / been done / being done)
44 Passive 3
45 it is said that … he is said to … he is supposed to …
46 have something done
47 Reported speech 1 (he said that …)
48 Reported speech 2
Questions and auxiliary verbs
49 Questions 1
50 Questions 2 (do you know where … ? / he asked me where …)
51 Auxiliary verbs (have/do/can etc.) I think so / I hope so etc.
52 Question tags (do you? isn’t it? etc.)
-ing and to …
53 Verb + -ing (enjoy doing / stop doing etc.)
54 Verb + to … (decide to … / forget to … etc.)
55 Verb (+ object) + to… (I want you to …)
56 Verb + -ing or to … 1 (remember, regret etc.)
57 Verb + -ing or to … 2 (try, need, help)
58 Verb + -ing or to … 3 (like / would like etc.)
59 prefer and would rather
60 Preposition (in/for/about etc.) +-ing
61 be/get used to … (I’m used to …)
62 Verb + preposition + -ing (succeed in -ing/insist on-ing etc.)
63 there’s no point in -ing, it’s worth -ing etc.
64 to …, for … and so that …
65 Adjective + to …
66 to … (afraid to do) and preposition + -ing (afraid of -ing)
67 see somebody do and see somebody doing
68 -ing clauses (He hurt his knee playing football.)
Articles and nouns
69 Countable and uncountable 1
70 Countable and uncountable 2
71 Countable nouns with a/an and some
72 a/an and the
73 the 1
74 the 2 (school / the school etc.)
75 the 3 (children / the children)
76 the 4 (the giraffe / the telephone / the old etc.)
77 Names with and without the 1
IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH UNITS YOU NEED TO STUDY, USE THE STUDY GUIDE
78 Names with and without the 2
79 Singular and plural
80 Noun + noun (a bus driver/ a headache)
81 ‘s (your sister’s name) and of … (the name of the book)
Pronouns and determiners
82 myself/yourself/themselves etc.
83 a friend of mine my own house on my own / by myself
84 there … and it …
85 some and any
86 no/none/any nothing/nobody etc.
87 much, many, little, few, a lot, plenty
88 all / all of most / most of no / none of etc.
89 both / both of neither / neither of either / either of
90 all every whole
91 each and every
92 Relative clauses 1: clauses with who/that/which
93 Relative clauses 2: clauses with and without who/that/which
94 Relative clauses 3: whose/whom/where
95 Relative clauses 4: extra information clauses (1)
96 Relative clauses 5: extra information clauses (2)
97 -ing and -ed clauses (the woman talking to Tom, the boy injured in the accident)
Adjectives and adverbs
98 Adjectives ending in -ing and -ed (boring/bored etc.)
99 Adjectives: a nice new house, you look tired
100 Adjectives and adverbs 1 (quick/quickly)
101 Adjectives and adverbs 2 (well, fast, late, hard/hardly)
102 so and such
103 enough and too
104 quite, pretty, rather and fairly
105 Comparative 1 (cheaper, more expensive etc.)
106 Comparative 2 (much better/ any better etc.)
107 Comparative 3 (as … as / than)
108 Superlative (the longest, the most enjoyable etc.)
109 Word order 1: verb + object; place and time
110 Word order 2: adverbs with the verb
111 still any more yet already
Conjunctions and prepositions
113 although though even though in spite of despite
114 in case
115 unless as long as provided
116 as (as I walked … / as I was … etc.)
117 like and as
118 like as if
119 during for while
120 by and until by the time …
IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH UNITS YOU NEED TO STUDY, USE THE STUDY GUIDE ON PAGE 326.
121 at/on/in (time)
122 on time and in time at the end and in the end
123 in/at/on (position) 1
124 in/at/on (position) 2
125 in/at/on (position) 3
126 to, at, in and into
127 in/on/at (other uses)
129 Noun + preposition (reason for, cause of etc.)
130 Adjective + preposition 1
131 Adjective + preposition 2
132 Verb + preposition 1 to and at
133 Verb + preposition 2 about/for/of/after
134 Verb + preposition 3 about and of
135 Verb + preposition 4 of/for/from/on
136 Verb + preposition 5 in/into/with/to/on
137 Phrasal verbs 1 Introduction
138 Phrasal verbs 2 in/out
139 Phrasal verbs 3 out
140 Phrasal verbs 4 on/off (1)
141 Phrasal verbs 5 on/off (2)
142 Phrasal verbs 6 up/down
143 Phrasal verbs 7 up (1)
144 Phrasal verbs 8 up (2)
145 Phrasal verbs 9 away/back
Appendix 1 Regular and irregular verbs
Appendix 2 Present and past tenses
Appendix 3 The future
Appendix 4 Modal verbs (can/could/will/would etc.)
Appendix 5 Short forms (I’m / you’ve / didn’t etc.)
Appendix 6 Spelling 298 Appendix 7 American English
Key to Exercises
Key to Additional exercises
Key to Study guide
IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH UNITS YOU NEED TO STUDY, USE THE STUDY GUIDE ORIPAR
This is the fifth edition of English Grammar in Use. I wrote the original edition when I was a teacher at th Swan School of English, Oxford. I would like to repeat my thanks to my former colleagues and students the school for their help, encouragement and interest at that time.
Regarding the production of this fifth edition, I would like to thank Rebecca Winthrop and Chris Capper.
Design & Illustrations
Q2A Media Services Pvt. Ltd.
The Soundhouse Studios Ltd.
To the student
This book is for students who want help with English grammar. It is written for you to use without a teacher.
The book will be useful for you if you are not sure of the answers to questions like these:
What is the difference between I did and I have done?
When do we use will for the future?
What is the structure after / wish?
When do we say used to do and when do we say used to doing?
When do we use the?
What is the difference between like and as?
These and many other points of English grammar are explained in the book, and there are exercises on each point.
The book is intended mainly for intermediate students (students who have already studied the basic grammar of English). It concentrates on those structures that intermediate students want to use, but that often cause difficulty. Some advanced students who have problems with grammar will also find the book useful.
The book is not suitable for elementary learners.
How the book is organised
There are 145 units in the book. Each unit concentrates on a particular point of grammar. Some problems (for example, the present perfect or the use of the) are covered in more than one unit. For a list of units, see the Contents at the beginning of the book.
Each unit consists of two facing pages. On the left there are explanations and examples; on the right there are exercises. At the back of the book there is an Answer Key for you to check your answers to the exercises (page 336).
There are also seven Appendices at the back of the book (pages 292-301). These include irregular verbs, summaries of verb forms, spelling, and American English.
Finally, there is a detailed Index at the back of the book (page 373).
How to use the book
The units are not in order of difficulty, so it is not intended that you work through the book from beginning to end. Every learner has different problems, and you should use this book to help you with the grammar that you find difficult.
It is suggested that you work in this way:
Use the Contents and/or Index to find which unit deals with the point you are interested in.
If you are not sure which units you need to study, use the Study guide on page 326.
Study the explanations and examples on the left-hand page of the unit you have chosen.
Do the exercises on the right-hand page.
Check your answers with the Key.
If your answers are not correct, study the left-hand page again to see what went wrong.
You can, of course, use the book simply as a reference book without doing the exercises.
At the back of the book there are Additional exercises (pages 302-325). These exercises bring together some of the grammar points from a number of different units. For example, Exercise 16 brings together grammar points from Units 26-36. You can use these exercises for extra practice after you have studied and practised the grammar in the units concerned.
You can buy this book with or without an ebook. The ebook has the same grammar explanations and exercises as the book.
Using your ebook
You can use your ebook on an iPad, Android tablet, PC or Mac.
Using your ebook, you can:
Listen to examples
Save your answers
Use the dictionary
How to get your ebook
To get your ebook, follow the instructions on the inside front cover of this book.
CAMBRIDGE GS UNIVERSITY PRESS
To the teacher
English Grammar in Use was written as a self-study grammar book, but teachers may also find it useful as additional course material in cases where further work on grammar is necessary.
The book will probably be most useful at middle and upper-intermediate levels (where all or nearly all of the material will be relevant), and can serve both as a basis for revision and as a means for practising new structures. It will also be useful for some more advanced students who have problems with grammar and need a book for reference and practice. The book is not intended to be used by elementary learners.
The units are organised in grammatical categories (Present and past, Articles and nouns, Prepositions etc.). They are not ordered according to level of difficulty, so the book should not be worked through from beginning to end. It should be used selectively and flexibly in accordance with the grammar syllabus being used and the difficulties students are having.
The book can be used for immediate consolidation or for later revision or remedial work. It might be used by the whole class or by individual students needing extra help. The left-hand pages (explanations and examples) are written for the student to use individually, but they may of course be used by the teacher as a source of ideas and information on which to base a lesson. The student then has the left-hand page as a record of what has been taught and can refer to it in the future. The exercises can be done individually, in class or as homework.
Alternatively (and additionally), individual students can be directed to study certain units of the book by themselves if they have particular difficulties not shared by other students in their class. Don’t forget the Additional exercises at the back of the book (see To the student).
This fifth edition of English Grammar in Use has been revised and updated. There are no new units, but some of the exercises have been rewritten or replaced.
An edition of English Grammar in Use without the key is also available. Some teachers may prefer this for use with their students.
The book is sold with or without an ebook. The ebook contains the same explanations and exercises as the book. It can be used on an iPad, Android tablet, PC or Mac. Using the ebook, students can listen to examples, save their answers, take notes, highlight text, bookmark pages and use a dictionary.
サンプルページEnglish Grammar in Use
文法書のバイブル！ English Grammar in Useシリーズの種類と選び方